Krasovitova E.S.

URBANIZATION PROCESSES IN THE AGE OF ACTIVE DEVELOPMENT OF THE NORTH OF WESTERN SIBERIA (ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE CITY OF SURGUT)

Abstract:

The article is devoted to the problems of construction in the city of Surgut in the age of industrial development of the North in the middle of 1960 - 1980. The key mistakes made by developers during construction were considered. In the 1960-1970s. the main event in Siberia was the formation of the West Siberian oil and gas complex, which most significantly in the history of the twentieth century has changed the importance of the region, both in the country's economic complex and in the global economy. The multi-departmental nature of city planning, the lack of proper supervision of urban planning, the lack of a construction industry base, the irresponsibility of ministries and departments, local organizations, urban planning organizations, the absence of an approved master plan of the city and its single customer, as well as the absence of standard projects that take into account urban planning in the north. All this led to irrational costs, low level of discredit of the elementary foundations of urban development. The analysis was made on the basis of documents, protocols, certificates of the Council of Ministers, national control, etc.

About the autors:

Elvira Sergeevna Krasovitova, graduate student of Surgut State Pedagogical University, teacher of history and social studies in the municipal budgetary educational institution secondary school № (number) 9

Place of employment:

Secondary school № 9

Contacts:

Key words:

Surgut city; north of Western Siberia; construction; settlement; housing; oil; gas