Chang Xinxin

SOVIET-AMERICAN RELATIONS IN THE PERCEPTION OF CHINESE MEDIA: FROM 1985 THROUGH 1987

Abstract:

The article addresses main issues of United States-Soviet Union relations in 1985–1987 as per perception by the Media of the People's Republic of China. After World War II, the world split into two opposing blocs, led by the USA and the USSR. The 1980s brought about a significant shift in international economic relations. In 1985, new trends emerged: firstly, a number of developed and developing countries opposed the arms race fearing it might expand as far as the outer space and bring back the military polarization with unpredictable consequences for the economy; secondly, the demands of renouncing the tough confrontation were voiced within the military alliances. The leaders of both blocs found themselves unable to effectively control their allies. These changes forced the leadership of the USSR and the USA to adopt new foreign policies. This paper describes the course of negotiations between the USSR and the USA, the attitude of the Soviet leaders to American politicians, and the assessments of the actions of Soviet leaders by Chinese media. The evolution of Soviet foreign policy at that period can be divided into three stages: simultaneous dialogue and confrontation, first Soviet concessions and compromises, and two concessions of the USSR. In order to objectively and fairly describe the historical facts of the Soviet-American negotiations in 1985–1987, the author carefully analyzes the most important foreign policies of the USSR from the standpoint of the Chinese press and quotes the opinions of major Chinese newspapers, such as Renmin Ribao, Guangming Ribao, Xinhua Ribao and Zhongguo Qingnian Bao.

About the autors:

Chang Xinxin, Postgraduate Student, Russian Presidential Academy of National Econo-my and Public Administration, Department of History of Russian Statehood

Place of employment:

-

Contacts:

e-mail: zhangxinxin@mail.ru

Key words:

Soviet foreign policy, perestroika, negotiations, Soviet-American relations, Cold War, Chinese press, Chinese media