Yakubova L.A. , Badalov M.F.

INTERNAL MIGRATION WITHIN THE EUROPEAN UNION AND ITS CONSEQUENCES IN 2000–2014

Abstract:

The article examines main aspects of internal migration in the EU countries in 2000–2014. The free movement of workers and free internal migration is one of the fundamentals of the European integration and the EU functioning as a state entity. The article identifies main population groups who actively participate in the internal migration flows. The first group includes the economically active working population, moving around the EU in search of better-paid jobs, often at the expense of their qualifications. The second group of internal migrants is represented by students and the youth, moving in order to participate in academic exchange programs, student mobility, etc. The author analyses the causes and factors that catalysed internal movement of different social groups in member states of the EU. Some of the most significant geopolitical factors in this case are the EU territorial expansion in 2004, 2007 and 2013, as well as such personal reasons as marriage, family reunion, moving to live with relatives. Special attention is paid to the regulatory framework governing the European free movement regime. The article considers both positive and negative consequences of the free internal migration within EU. It also presents the debates of European leaders in the defined chronological period regarding the problems of free move-ment and the possibilities of its limitation

About the autors:

Lala Alievna Yakubova (1), Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Documentation Studies and General History; Mehmedali Fazil ogli Badalov (2), post-graduate student of the Department of Documentation Studies and General History

Place of employment:

Nizhnevartovsk State University

Contacts:

е-mail: lalayakubova@gmail.com (1, 2)

Key words:

social politics; migration policy; migrants; migration legislation; internal migration; European Union; European Economic Community; “freedom of movement for workers”; “social tourism”; social security; social insurance