Litovchenko E.V., Shilina S.V.

PATRONAGE AND EUЕRGETISM IN LATE-ANTIQUE SOCIETY (BASED ON THE WORKS OF THE 5th – FIRST HALF OF 6th CENTURIES)

Abstract:

This paper deals with two phenomena of the Late Antique society such as patronage and euergetism. Facts testifying to the continuity of patronage relations in the Late Antique period have been analysed in the article. The authors reveal particular characteristics and dynamics of the “euergetism” phenomenon and, based on the works of the Latin West writers of the 5th – first half of the 6th centuries, determine the correlation of these two phenomena. The “patron-client” relations are described in the article, the rights and obligations of both parties are listed and spe-cific examples of services provided to clients are given. The definition of the “euergetism” phenomenon is given in the research and characteristic features, which distinguish it from the patronage, are revealed. Unlike patronage, euergetism is not reciprocal i.e., in fact, this phenomenon resembles very closely charity. According to the consi-dered facts and specific examples from the Late Antique writers, authors of this paper have come to the conclusion that the tradition of clientelism has remained almost unaltered in its “classical” form, while the “euergetism” phe-nomenon has transformed from its ancient form into Christian charity

About the autors:

Elena Viktorovna Litovchenko (1), Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor at the Department of General History; Sofia Viktorovna Shilina (2), post graduate student at the Department of General History

Place of employment:

Belgorod State National Research University (1, 2)

Contacts:

e-mail: Litovchenko@bsu.edu.ru (1); e=mail: sony_alymova@mail.ru (2)

Key words:

patronage; euergetism; patron; client; aristocracy; Late Antiquity; charity