Vdovchenkov Ye.V., Lee Ji Eun

THE IMAGE OF WORLD TREE IN THE BURIAL OF THE KHAZAR PERIOD IN THE DON BASIN AND ON KOREAN DIADEMS: THE QUESTION OF CULTURAL CONTACTS ON THE TERRITORY OF EURASIA

Abstract:

The article is devoted to the image of the world tree. The image was found on the corneous reliquary in the female burial of the Khazar period in the Lower Don region (Kastyrsky VI, mound 2, grave 6). The closest analogy to this is the reliquary from the Mayak fortified settlement, which has a tree pattern with three pairs of branches on its surface. Another analogy close to this particular image of the world tree is from the bone case from the Kastyrsky complex. It was found on the other edge of Eurasia three hundred years earlier, i.e. the images of the world tree on the royal diadems from Korea. The article analyses the semantics of the world tree image on the reliquary, as well as on the diadems. A link to the world tree on the diadems containing female characters on the monuments of the Iranian cultural world is investigated. The tree on the crown is a classic image of the world tree as a symbol of the world center. It emphasises the sacral functions of the ruler. When interpreting the meaning of the world tree on the diadem, the link of the Korean diadems with shamanism and the image of the king should be taken into account. The emergence of world tree images can be attributed to their origin from the steppe zone of Central Asia. In Korea, diadems date back to the 5th century AD and are associated with the cultural influence of the nomadic world. Ethnically, the Khazars are a part of the Turkic world of Central Asia, they moved to Eastern Europe in the late 6th early 7th centuries AD. At the moment, the cultural link between the diadems and the reliquary is the author’s hypothesis, and further research will show its validity

About the autors:

Yevgeny Viktorovich Vdovchenkov (1), Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Archeology and Ancient History at the Institute of History and International Relations; Lee Ji Eun (2), Candidate of Historical Sciences, Professor-Researcher

Place of employment:

Southern Federal University (1); Dong-A University, Busan, Republic of Korea (2)

Contacts:

e-mail: vdovchenkov@yandex.ru (1); e-mail: counselling@mest.go.kr (2)

Key words:

World Tree; Saltovo-Mayaki Culture; Silla; Lower Don River region; Korea; images of space; funeral rite; diadem; king; shamanism