This article covers the processes of ethnogenesis and ethnic history of a particular ethno-class group (Kryashens) of the Udmurt Prikamye population in the first half and middle of the 18th century in the context of their relationship with the Udmurts. The study is based on the analysis of such demographic sources as the Landrat censuses of 1716 and Census lists of the 1st – 3rd censuses. It deals with the process of assimilation with the Tatars which involved the residents of Udmurt villages (or parts thereof) that were baptized prior to the work of Kazan Novokreschenskaya kontora in 1740-s – 1760-s. Information is given on the historical and demographic structure of the population (i.e. number, age and gender characteristics, ethno-class status, marriage contacts, etc.), the evolution of the administrative-territorial structure, name variants of the settlements. In the middle of the 18th century settlements, where «Starokreshchenye» (old baptized) Udmurts and Tatars lived, became some of the places for the relocation of the population and, thus, anchoring Orthodoxy among the newly baptized. On the other hand, non-Kryashens from these villages founded purely Udmurt villages. At that time the differentiation of ethnic and social class categories of the Udmurts was established. Some of them remained Udmurt, while others continued their assimilation with the Tatars. The Kryashens are a variety of ethnogenesis that took place on the polyethnic territory of the Middle Volga and Urals. Documentary demographic sources allow confirming the significant Udmurt component in the formation process of this ethnic group.
About the autors:
Nikolai Viktorovich Pislegin, Candidate of Historical Sciences, Senior Researcher at the Department of Historical Research, Associate Professor
Place of employment:
Udmurt Institute of History, Language and Literature of the Udmurt Federal Research Center of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Izhevsk)
Text of scientific work: (PDF format)
Udmurt Prikamye region; Kryashens; Udmurts; Tatars; peasants; ethnic and social class groups; assimilation