Konev A.Yu.

AN UNKNOWN SOURCE ABOUT THE BAPTISM OF LOBAN (ONZHIN) ALACHEV: REVISITING THE HISTORY OF KODA PRINCES AND THEIR DESCENDANTS (17th – BEGINNING OF THE 19th CENTURIES)

Abstract:

Based on rare archival documents, which have not been introduced into scientific circulation, the article considers the policy of the Russian state concerning the native elite of the North-Western Siberia. The article focuses on the confessional aspect of this policy.The author takes as a premise the fact that in the 16th – 17th centuries there existed a direct link between the baptism of a “foreigner”/“non-Orthodox” and their transformation into a full-fledged subject of the Moscow Sovereign. This framework determines the significance of Christianization of the indigenous elite of the region and the relevance of the topic under consideration. The author presents the text of a copy of the blessed patriarchal letter from the State Archive in Tobolsk. The text analysis enables reconsideration of the established view on the date and circumstances of the baptism of Koda “Prince” Loban/Nikifor Alachev. Therefore a new interpretation of the related events can be offered. The author believes that Alachev’s rights to the “ancestral lands” of the Onzhins-Yuryevs were undoubtedly related to the fact that he had adopted Orthodox Christianity. In addition, the article introduces some materials for the genealogical study of both lineages of the Koda rulers as well as the lives of their descendants at the end of the 18th – first half of the 19th centuries. First of all, this refers to the retired Cossack Ilia Alachev and his son Fiodor, who lived in Bronnikovo volost of Tobolsk uyezd.

About the autors:

Aleksey Yur’evich Konev, Candidate of Historical Sciences, Leading Researcher at the Social Anthropology Department

Place of employment:

Tyumen Scientific Centre of Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Contacts:

e-mail: aldimoks@mail.ru

Key words:

baptism; non-Orthodox (inovertsy); North-Western Siberia; native elite; Koda principality (Kodskoe knyazhestvo)