Bekherev S.L., Bekhereva L.N.

INSURRECTIONARY MOVEMENT IN EASTERN RUSSIA AT THE INITIAL PHASE OF THE CIVIL WAR: REASONS AND PRECONDITIONS

Abstract:

The paper deals with the problem of establishing the reasons and preconditions for the insurrectionary movement during the Russian Civil War. The aim of the study is to overcome regional, subjective and ideological perception of this phenomenon and obtain reliable scientific knowledge about the first period of the post-imperial era, which became the starting point for the Soviet statehood formation, radically changed social relations in the country and had an impact on the development of international community. Based on the historiographic findings obtained by other researchers and recent mainly archival sources published and introduced into the scientific circulation, it was stated that in the summer and autumn of 1918 armed uprisings of the Ural-Volga population in the Eastern combat zone of the Red Army were the largest and most dangerous for the military and political leaders of Soviet Russia. By February 1919, the protest movement under the banner of “democratic counter-revolution” was suppressed during the offensive of the Front. However, preconditions to resist bolshevism sill remained. The peasant uprisings of 1919–1922, “September plot” in the Izhevsk-Votkinsk district (1920), the Tambov, West Siberian and Kronstadt rebellions of 1920–1921 were the finishing stroke of the Russian Civil War. The results of the study may be used for further study of protest movements as well as to specify the official po-sition of the political leaders of the Russian Federation on key issues of national history and the Civil War, in partic-ular. They may constitute a documentary evidential basis for the continuation of work on the rehabilitation of vic-tims of illegal political repressions.

About the autors:

Sergey Lvovich Bekhterev (1), Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor at the Department of Theory and History of State and Law; Lyudmila Nikolaevna Bekhtereva (2), Doctor of Historical Sciences, Chief Researcher, Deputy Director

Place of employment:

Udmurt State University (1); Udmurt Institute of History, Language and Literature of the Udmurt Federal Research Center of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (2)

Contacts:

e-mail: sergbehterev@yandex.ru (1); e-mail: behterevaLN@yandex.ru (2)

Key words:

insurrectionary movement; east of Russia; Civil War; first stage; reasons; preconditions; “Democratic counter-revolution”