Sinika V. S., Telnov N. P., Lysenko S. D.

. Scythian graves from the barrow 4 of the «Garden» group on the left bank of the lower Dniester

Abstract:

The article deals with the materials from the Scythian burials investigated in 2015 during the excavation of the barrow 4 from the «Garden» group, located to the north of the village Glinoe, Slobodzeya district, on the left bank of the Lower Dniester. The mound was created in the Early Bronze Age by the affiliates of the Usatovo archaeological culture. Three Cimmerian burials were let in it in the first half of the 1st millennium BC and in the 4th century BC four more Scythian graves (4/3, 4/6, 4/11, 4/18) were let in. The cup and the tools which were found in the burial 4/6 and are related to spinning and sewing, as well as the knife with a horn handle from burial 4/18 and the knife with a wooden handle from burial 4/6, demonstrate the succession of the burial rite of the Late Scythian and Classical Scythian cultures. These Scythian graves, as well as the other Scythian burial complexes from the "Garden" group, do not only testify to the transformation of the classical Scythian culture into the late Scythian culture. Moreover, they indicate the continued presence of the Scythian population in the region in the 4th–2nd centuries BC. The same applies to the Scythian barrows and graves, studied in the neighboring barrow group «Sluiceway», totally dating by the second half of the 4th – the first third of the 3rd centuries BC, as well as the barrow of the 3rd–2nd centuries BC, located at the northern edge of the Glinoe village, Slobodzeya district, on the left bank of the Lower Dniester.

About the autors:

Vitalij Stepanovich Sinika (1), Candidate of Historical Sciences, Leading Researcher at the Scientific Laboratory «Archaeology», Senior Researcher at the Scientific Laboratory of Historiography and Field Methods in Archaeology; Nicolai Petrovich Telnov (2), Candidate of Historical Sciences, Head of the Department of Antique and Medieval Archaeology at The Institute of Cultural Heritage; Sergey Dmitrievich Lysenko (3), Candidate of Historical Sciences, Senior Researcher at the Department of the Chalcolithic and Bronze Age

Place of employment:

T.G. Shevcenko Pridnestrovian State University, Nizhnevartovsk State University (1); Academy of Sciences of Moldova (2); National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (3)

Contacts:

e-mail: sinica80@mail.ru (1); e-mail: telnov_nikolai@mail.ru (2); e-mail: suraganga@yandex.ru (3)

Key words:

Lower Dniester Region; Scythians; the border of the 4th–3rd centuries BC; barrow; secondary burials; adornments; tools; vessels; weapons