Savelyeva A. V.

The issue of immigration and legislative regulation of jewish people in the United States (the end of the 18th – the first quarter of 20th centuries)

Abstract:

This article deals with the most important aspects of Jewish immigration to the United States of America at the end of 18th – the first quarter of 20th centuries. The author analyzes the reasons and factors that influenced this process. Special attention is given to the comparative assessment of the three immigrant groups of Jewish origin: in terms of the attitudes of immigrants of different flows to each other and in terms of the attitudes of American society to them. On the basis of the analysis of the American immigration law the reasons for restricting the entry of Jews to the USA in the 1920s were revealed. The subject of the research is the Jews immigration to the United States of America at the end of 18th – the first quarter of 20th centuries, as well as the legislative regulation on the stay of Jews in this country at that period. The study is based on the materials from the digital Library of Congress such as immigration laws, verbatim rec-ords of the United States Congress, resolutions of the Congress, etc. These documents make it possible to determine the stages of Jewish immigration in the United States and to identify principles and causes for legal regulation of their stay on the US territory. Work with information sources was carried out with the help of general scientific research methods, i.e. descrip-tion, analysis and comparative method, as well as special methods of historical study, such as historical-comparative method. When working with statistical data, the author used mathematical methods of research. The results of the study make it possible to reconstruct some aspects of the immigration policy of the United States of America in the late 18th – the first quarter of 20th centuries and to identify prospects for further work on the issues in question.

About the autors:

Alyona Vladimirovna Savelyeva, Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor at the Department of Records Management and General History

Place of employment:

Nizhnevartovsk State University

Contacts:

e-mail: saveleva_1984@mail.ru

Key words:

United States of America; immigration; immigrants; Jews; anti-semitism; assimilation