The paper studies type D personality (distress type) characterized by a tendency to negative emotions with simultaneous suppression of their manifestations in social interaction in undergraduate students of the first and second years of technical, humanitarian and medical specialties of higher educational institutions of Russia. This personality type adversely affects the number of cardiovascular events and the prognosis for the course of cardio-vascular diseases, e.g. it is one of the mechanisms of the unfavorable prognosis for the development of multifocal atherosclerosis in patients with ischemic heart disease. Psychophysiological and behavioral factors are put forward among the possible causes of the adverse influence of the type D personality on the disease prognosis. Three groups (200 people in each) of undergraduate students of the first and second years of technical, humanitarian and medical specialties of higher educational institutions of Russia were examined. Prevalence rate of distress was observed among the students of technical specialties (47.5%), students of medical specialties had middle degree distress (22%) and students of humanitarian specialties had low degree distress (7%). Type D personality was found in almost half of the students of technical specialties, as for the students of medical and humanitarian specialties it was found in less than a quarter of the respondents. Such high rates for students of technical specialties can be linked with high study loads during their training. However, the low rates for students of medical specialties can testify to personality traits of the students. At the same time, among the study participants there were first and second year students that is those who only started their career development and did not undergo any professional deformation, This suggests that there is a connection between type D personality and the choice of a profession. The obtained results can become a tool for revealing a student's predisposition to cardiovascular diseases (for example, at a dispensary screening), and also to help the applicant with the choice of the future specialty.
About the autors:
Vladimir Alexandrovich Gorshkov-Cantacuzene (1), Doctor of Science in Medicine, Professor, Fellow of the RAMI (Royal Academi of Medicine in Ireland), laureate of the WHL (World Hypertension League) Distinguished Award-2017, WHL expert, Honorary Professor, Director; Andrey Andreevich Grigoriev (2), Junior Researcher.
Place of employment:
The Hypertension Research Foundation, The Russian Delegation of the Pontifical Georgian College (1, 2).
Text of scientific work: (PDF format)
type D personality, cardiovascular diseases, stress, student.