Govoruhina À. À., Slyusar E. N.

Interdependence of parameters of physical and mental health and component composition of the organisms of women working in the oil and gas industry

Abstract:

75 women-engineers working at Surgut Research Industrial Institute were examined. The women were divided into 2 age groups of 21–35 and 36–60 and into 4 groups according to the length of res-idence in the North i.e. people born in Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug, people living in the North up to 10 years, people living in the North from 11 to 20 years and those living in the North from 21to 30 years. An analysis was made into the relationship between the component composition of the body mass and the indicators of life quality for women engineers working in the oil and gas industry in the northern region. The statistics showed deterioration of the physical component of life quality as the age and length of residence in the North increase. A positive correlation has been established between the body fat content and the length of residence in the Far North. The study has identified an increase in the visceral fat content and the body mass index depending on the increase in age and length of residence in the North. It was found that women born in the North had the lowest frequency of deviations from the normal body mass index. It was also revealed that with the increase of the age and length of residence in the North for more than 11 years the deviation of the body mass index increases. Bone mass indexes were normal in all groups with the exception of the women engineers born in the North. However, the maximum level of bone mass was registered in the group of women living in the North for 11–20 years on average. When assessing the quality of life of the employees born and living in the North no more than 10 years, it was revealed that they had better physical health. At the same time, women aged 36–60 had better mental health than women aged 21–35 which is due to their emotional state. The deterioration of their physical health testifies to the employees fatigue and decreased vitality.

About the autors:

Alena Anatolievna Govorukhina (1), Doctor of Biological Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department of Biomedical Sciences and Life Safety; Ekaterina Nikolaevna Slyusar (2), Postgraduate student of the Department of Biomedical Sciences and Life Safety, Surgut State Pedagogical University.

Place of employment:

Surgut State Pedagogical University (1).

Contacts:

e-mail: govalena@mail.ru (1); natural@surgpu.ru (2).

Key words:

component composition of the body mass; quality of life; adaptation; oil and gas industry engineers; the length of residence in the North.