N. A. Petukhov, O. V. Petukhova, V. N. Ivanitsky

THE TECHNOLOGY OF THE INTEGRATED APPLICATION OF PHYSICAL CULTURE AND ACUPRESSURE IN PEOPLE WITH CERVICAL OSTEOCHONDROSIS

Abstract:

The article presents the results of the study with the use of the pedagogical experiment to determine the effectiveness of the developed technology of complex use of health-improving physical culture and acupressure in people with cervical osteochondrosis. Into pedagogical experiment two groups of subjects (control and experi-mental) with 12 persons in each group have been involved. In this paper other methods of research have been used: the analysis of literary sources, pedagogical observation, control tests, and mathematical statistics with the applica-tion of the Wilcoxon criterion. In the experimental group health-improving physical culture have been used taking into account the characteris-tics of the four kinetic conditions, they are sparing, restorative, regenerating, and training. The acupressure was be-ing performed on a person’s head, on five symmetrically located paired points and one unpaired point. In the control group, health-improving physical culture was applied by the conventional method with the features of the three conditions of patients: acute, subacute, and remission. The massage of the neck and shoulder girdle of the subjects was carried out manually, according to the classical scheme. During the pedagogical experiment, all the observed indices in the experimental and control groups improved. In the control group, the strength of the left hand was by 1.9 kg (6.1%) better. The strength of the right hand became by 2.2 kg (7.5%) better. The data of the power endurance of the abdominal muscles became better by 2.3 of lifting (9.1%) as well as the ones of the power endurance of back muscles have increased by 3.5 seconds (12.1%) Whereas, in the experimental group, the changes of these figures were expressed greater. Thus, the strength of the left hand increased by 4.9 kg (14%). The strength of the right hand enlarged by 4.2 kg (4.1%) respectively. Also the indicators of strength endurance of abdominal muscles increased significantly by 4.2 of lifting (34.5%), and the ones of power endurance of back muscles by 6.1 sec. (21.3 %). All the changes of figures in the experimental group were reliable (P < 0.05). The results of the pedagogical observations corroborate the dynamics of changes in the condition of the respondents during the pedagogical experiment. Their subjective assessments of sleep, appetite and mood (SAM) began to improve a bit earlier and in a more pronounced way in the experimental group. The data obtained in the course of the study showed that the developed technology can be recommended for practical use with the purpose of prevention or elimination of cervical osteochondrosis.

About the autors:

Nikolay Alexandrovich Petukhov (1), Candidate of Pedagogic Sciences, Associate Professor of physical education; Olga Vasilyevna Petukhova (2), Senior Lecturer of foreign languages Department; Vasiliy Nikolaevich Ivanitsky (3), Candidate of Pedagogic Sciences, Professor, Department of physical education

Place of employment:

Tomsk State University of Architecture and Building (1,3); Siberian State Medical University (2)

Contacts:

e-mail: polgavas@mail.ru (2); e-mail napetukhov@mail.ru (1,3)

Key words:

physical culture; cervical osteochondrosis; massage