L. G. Pashchenko

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND MOTIVATION OF PHYSICAL CULTURE AND SPORTS OF THE ADULT POPULATION IN RUSSIA AND ABROAD

Abstract:

The article presents the analysis of materials of foreign and domestic sources, the illuminating features of the implementation of the state policy in the sphere of physical culture and sports in Europe, America, Africa and Asia, characterizing the level of physical activity of adults and the motives of physical culture lessons. Physical activity of the population and the motives of physical culture and sports in the analyzed publications were determined using questionnaires. The results showed the ambiguity of assessing the level of physical activity of the population due to the lack of a common approach for its determination in various countries. The number of physically inactive population ranges from 10% to 80%. The physical activity of women is lower than men's. Not confirmed the thesis of the world health organization on a higher level of physical activity of the population in developed countries, compared with countries with low income. Physical activity depends on the implemented in the countries of state programs. The motives of physical culture and sports of the adult population do not differ in our country and abroad.

About the autors:

Lena Grigorevna Pashchenko, Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences, Associate Professor at the Department for Theory of Physical Training

Place of employment:

Nizhnevartovsk State University

Contacts:

e-mail: lenanv2008@yandex.ru

Key words:

physical activity, adult population, motives, health and fitness activities, the sphere of physical culture and sports, abroad