O. G. Kovalchuk

BLOCK SYSTEM OF CREATING EDUCATIONAL AND TRAINING CLASSES IN TRACK AND FIELD ATHLETICS FOR LEVEL INCREASE OF PHYSICAL FITNESS TO PASS «READY FOR LABOR AND DEFENSE» COMPLEX

Abstract:

In article the preparedness of Omsk State Technical University students for passing qualifying standards of the All-Russian sports complex "It Is Ready for Labor and Defense" (GTO) is analyzed. According a professional direction and priority development of the weak physical qualities of students, the author's block techniques of creation educational and training classes in the track and field athletics is developed. Author's technique involves three types of block system: the accumulative, transforming, realizing mesocyclic blocks and its’ continuity in each term. The annual cycle consists of two semi-annual cycles – training exercises of the winter and spring semester. The accumulative mesocyclic block is devoted to development of the general endurance, general physical and technical fitness. The transforming block is presented by training special microcycles loadings of various preferred ori-entation: on force, speed and speed endurance. At consecutive alternation of training special microcycles of the concentrated training influence of a different continuity the high level of development physical qualities which are necessary for passing qualifying standards of the GTO complex remains. The realizing mesocyclic block assumes passing control standards in the form of group competition activity. As a result of the researches it is revealed that the author's technique of block creation of the concentrated load-ings allows increasing the level of physical fitness of students of OMSTU. Also the final results which were based on the results of passing qualifying standards of the GTO complex for the beginning and the end of a pedagogical experiment are analyzed.

About the autors:

Oksana Gennadyevna Kovalchuk, post-graduate student of Department for Physical Education and Sports

Place of employment:

Omsk State Technical University

Contacts:

å-mail: oksanakovalcnuk@yandex.ru

Key words:

students; physical fitness; educational and training classes; track and field athletics, GTO (Ready for Labor and Defense)