The paper raises the issue of developing social and communicative skills and competences of students in studying foreign languages. Federal Education Standards define a competency-based approach as the leading approach in modern education. The authors suggest uniting competency-based and problem-solving approaches to developing social and communicative skills and competences of students while studying a foreign language. Being metaobjective and professionally essential, socio-communicative competence is considered both as a goal and result of vocational training developed within social interaction. It is defined as a set of skills enabling a person navigate in any social environment and to solve situations, including conflicts, within social interaction. Studying a foreign language involves developing both foreign language competences and interpersonal and intercultural communication skills of students, essential in any community. Foreign language is one of the universal tools for developing students’ communicative competence. On the one hand, successful mastering of a foreign language is determined by the level of socio-communicative competence of a person, while on the other hand, a foreign language is a means of developing such a competence. This contradiction allows applying a problem-based approach along with competency-based one, which is showed by the example of an algorithm for solving a problematic situation. Competency-based approach involves an ability to interact with other people, resolve conflicts, whereas problem-based approach promotes the development of exploratory and creative skills of students, their ability to generate tasks, set goals and solve problems independently, analyze their performance and summarize the experience. The problem-based approach in studying a foreign language is based on a problematic situation which requires a student to have a certain level of socio-communicative competence. Thus problem-based learning is based on the interaction of students, their dialogue and ability to generate tasks, set goals and solve problems.
About the autors:
Gulnara Mirzakhanovna Makhutova, Candidate of Pedagogic Sciences, Associate Professor Department of Foreign Languages; Marina Pavlovna Trofimenko, Candidate of Pedagogic Sciences, Associate Professor Department of Foreign Languages
Place of employment:
Nizhnevartovsk State University
e-mail: Mahutova@yandex.ru; e-mail: email@example.com
Text of scientific work: (PDF format)
competency-based approach; problem-based approach; socio-communicative competence; foreign- language communication; foreign language; problematic situation